Cervical smear (Pap smear) and Human papillomavirus (HPV) test

Cervical smear (Pap smear) test

由於子宮頸癌早期並無明顯徵狀,所有曾經有性經驗的婦女應該從25歲開始定期接受子宮頸細胞檢查(柏氏抹片)作子宮頸癌篩查。及早檢查出子宮頸異常細胞,從而及早進行治療,可有助減低惡化成癌症的機會。 子宮頸細胞檢查(柏氏抹片),是一種程序簡單的子宮頸癌篩檢方法,亦為目前最有效篩查子宮頸癌的方法。 據相關研究顯示,定期接受子宮頸檢查,患上子宮頸癌風險會較未有接受篩查的人減少90.4%。 檢查程序
  •  Open up vaginal wall by speculum
  •  Collect samples of cervical cells at cervix with a plastic brush
  •  Place sample of cervical cells in specific containers
  •  Send sample for testing in laboratories

Human papillomavirus (HPV) test

Among more than 100 types of viruses in the group of human papillomavirus viruses, about 40 of them infect reproductive organs. High-risk HPV infection is a common cause of cervical cancer, it could also cause warts (verruca), anal cancer and vulvar cancer. For HPV testing, samples from genital tract would be collected for DNA testing.