Endometriosis

Lining of uterus undergoes periodic changes and gradually thickens with influence of hormones. When oocytes are not fertilized, the lining of uterus would naturally shed, together with the oocytes released, to form "menstruation".

Endometriosis is a menstrual-related gynaecological disease that refers to growth of endometrial tissue outside uterus. Endometriosis often takes place in ovaries, fallopian tubes and tissues around the uterus.

Endometriosis occurs in fallopian tubes

There is a chance of fallopian tube blockage that hinder fertilization and affect successful rate of pregnancy.

 

Endometriosis occurs in ovaries

Due to blood extravasation, there is a chance of developing endometriotic cyst, also known as chocolate cyst. Women might experience severe pain when the chocolate cyst ruptures and fluid inside the cyst drains into body cavity.

 

Endometriosis occurs in myometrium (muscle layer of uterus)

When myometrium bleeding occurs, blood being accumulated in muscle and forms adenomyoma or adenomyosis. As a result, uterine wall become thicker and less elastic, women would feel pain when uterus contracts.

 

Common symptoms of endometriosis

  •  Excessive period
  •  Persistent period pain
  •  Pain during sexual intercourse
  •  Infertility