Uterine prolapse is caused by weakening or degeneration of pelvic muscles and ligaments. As a result, the uterus loses support and hence protrudes out of vagina.
People at high risk of uterine prolapse:
- Post-menopausal women
- Women have multiple deliveries, especially those who gave births to big babies or have severe perineal trauma during childbirth
- Women whose abdominal region under prolonged pressure, e.g. frequently carry heavy objects, always constipate, chronic cough, abdominal or pelvic tumor etc.
- Congenital laxity of muscle and ligament
Symptoms of uterine prolapse:
- Feeling of swelling and pain in genital area
- Frequent urination, urinary leakage(especially when coughing or straining)
- Low back pain
- Pain in lower abdomen after sexual intercourse
- Constipation or difficulty in bowel movement
- Uterus protrudes out of vagina (severe cases)
To prevent uterine prolapse, women are recommended to do more Kegel exercises (pelvic floor muscle exercises) in order to improve strength and tension of weakened pelvic floor tissues.
Surgical treatment might be required in severe cases. Hence, medical examination and treatment must be sought as soon as possible if the above symptoms appear.