Perineum problems

Vagina produces a translucent, odorless, sticky and protein-like secretion called "leucorrhea" which mainly plays an antibacterial role to protect and clean the vagina. Secretion of leucorrhea might be increased during pregnancy, before and after menstruation or during sexual arousal.

There might be vaginal infection if

Abnormal secretion

  •  Increased amount of secretion
  •  Colour change (greyish white, yellow or green)
  •  Presence of blood streaks
  •  Strong odor (fishy or foul odor)

Perineum discomfort

  •  Itchiness
  •  Burning sensation at vagina or genital area
  •  Frequent urination with tingling sensation
  •  Wounds, swelling, skin tags, blisters etc., in perineum area

Common perineum disorders

Vaginal infection

Vaginitis is one of the common gynaecological diseases that might affect women of any age. Vaginitis is mostly caused by candida.

Candida vaginitis

Candida is a microorganism that normally exists in vagina. When physical condition of individual or environment in vagina changes, such as pregnancy, diabetes, use of antibiotics, chronic illnesses and frequent wear of tight or impermeable clothing, amount of candida could be reproduced in large numbers and cause vaginal infection. Symptoms include

  •  Itchiness, soreness or redness and swelling of vulva
  •  White viscous discharge from vagina
  •  Pain during sexual intercourse

Bartholin's gland cyst

Bartholin's glands secrete mucus which facilitate a smooth sexual intercourse. Once they are infected and blocked, the mucus is accumulated and hence lead to formation of Bartholin cysts.

Bartholin's gland cysts are usually caused by hygiene problems, such as sexual intercourse, wearing of tight pants, soiled underwear or bacterial infections due to insufficient proper cleaning. In some cases, cysts might also be caused by high viscosity of mucus or congenital duct narrowing that obstruct the secretion.

The cysts might continue to grow with time and become abscess. Women's vulva would experience redness, swelling, pain and burning sensation, which could cause urinary retention in severe cases. When an abscess appears, surgery would be required.

For timely treatment, women who have signs of abnormal leucorrhea, genital itchiness, pain or discomfort should seek medical attention from gynaecologists as soon as possible.